Docker is a tool for creating, running, and managing lightweight virtual machines. These virtual machines make it possible to distribute executable environments with all of the dependencies that can easily be run by others. These Docker images can then be stored and distributed on a Docker registry, a collection of these images. There are a number of open registries on the web, and Synapse hosts a private registry, freely available to our users, which will allow users to create software on a per project basis which can be easily shared across Synapse. Learn more about Docker and Docker registry.
Registered Synapse users interact with the Synapse Docker registry using the standard Docker client. If you have not yet created an account, please first register for Synapse.
In Synapse, Docker containers are represented as versioned ‘repositories’ under the ‘Docker’ tab. As with Files and Tables, repositories are organized by project and inherit the access permissions from the parent project. Local Sharing Settings can be applied directly to the repository if permissions should differ from the project.
To learn more about working with Docker using one of our programmatic clients, including code examples for the below tasks, see:
Let’s begin by creating a custom Docker image. Users can choose to either modify an existing Docker image or build a Docker image from a Dockerfile. Docker images must be tagged with ‘docker.synapse.org/synapseProjectId/myreponame’ to allow images to be saved.
Tagging an existing Docker image to save onto the Synapse registry
docker pull ubuntu
To tag an existing Docker image, users can use the IMAGE ID or the repo name. The IMAGE ID can be found by doing:
docker images #REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE #ubuntu latest f8d79ba03c00 6 days ago 126.4 MB
Tag the Docker image:
docker tag f8d79ba03c00 docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo:version1 #or docker tag ubuntu:latest docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo:version1 #syntax: docker.synapse.org/<projectId>/<repoName>:<tag>
You can also choose to not tag your image with an explicit tag, which will by default tag it with
docker tag f8d79ba03c00 docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo
Build your own image from a Dockerfile
When building a Docker image from a Dockerfile, add a
-t to the docker build command with the correct Synapse Docker registry tag.
docker build -t docker.synapse.org/syn12345/my-repo path/to/dockerfile
Learn more about building Docker images.
To store Docker images, use the
docker push command. To push to the Synapse Docker registry, users must be logged into the registry, be a Synapse certified user and have edit permissions:
docker login -u <synapse username> -p <synapse password> docker.synapse.org
After logging in, view your images and decide which ones to push into the registry.
docker images #REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE #docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo version1 f8d79ba03c00 6 days ago 126.4 MB #ubuntu latest f8d79ba03c00 6 days ago 126.4 MB #docker.synapse.org/syn12345/my-repo latest df323sdf123d 2 days ago 200.3 MB docker push docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo:version1 docker push docker.synapse.org/syn12345/my-repo
Note: There is a 100GB limit per repository image layer.
Note: An alternate way to log in, rather than using a user name and password, is with an OAuth access token. This is unusual when using the Docker command line client, but may occur when using a Docker client within a system that authenticates using the OAuth protocol. In this case the ‘user’ field is ignored and the ‘password’ field is interpreted as the access token. To perform
docker pull operations the OAuth token must have
download scope. To perform
docker push operations the token must have
docker login -u <anything> -p <access token> docker.synapse.org
To access the Docker images stored in Synapse, use the
docker pull command. To pull from the Synapse Docker registry, users must be logged into the registry and have download permissions:
docker login -u <synapse username> -p <synapse password> docker.synapse.org docker pull docker.synapse.org/syn12345/my-repo
Docker tags can be assigned to later commits. If you want to be explicit about the version of an image then instead of referencing a tag you can reference a digest:
docker pull docker.synapse.org/syn12345/mytestrepo@sha256:2e36829f986351042e28242ae386913645a7b41b25844fb39b29af0bdf8dcb63
where the digest for a commit is printed to the command line after a successful
docker push. The Synapse web portal displays current digests for a repository’s tags on the repository’s Synapse page.
While using the Docker client with the Synapse Docker registry, you may encounter an
unauthorized: authentication required error.
To rule out an erroneous user name or password, try logging in:
docker login docker.synapse.org
Once login succeeds, the correct credentials will be cached on the machine and any further issues can be attributed to insufficient access permissions or a deleted container.
To pull a container from a Synapse Docker repository, you must have download permissions in the sharing settings of the Synapse Docker repository. In Synapse, Docker repositories have names of the form: docker.synapse.org/syn123456/repo-name, where syn123456 is the project ID. Navigate to syn123456 to check the project’s sharing settings. To push a new container to a Synapse Docker repository, you must be a Synapse certified user and have edit permissions. To push a change to an existing Synapse Docker repository, you must also have edit permissions. If the container is in the trash can, all operations will fail.